Philippine Lumber

Common Philippine Lumber and Their Uses

Some of the popular trees used in the handicraft industry are:

1. Betis-This is a dark red, extremely hard, and very heavy wood. It is very durable and is used in shipbuilding and for house posts. It is not easily corroded by water.

2. Kamagong-This wood is very hard, heavy, and fine grained. It is black with reddish or brownish sheaths to pale red. It is used or brownish chiefly for making musical instruments, furniture, wood carving.

3. Ipil - This is yellow to dark brown of when dry. It is hard and heavy and is Used in all parts of construction.

4. Narra - This is light to reddish brown in color. The wood is heavy and hard with coarse and twisted grain.

5. Yakal - It is yellow-brown turning darker with age. The grain is crossed cut and coarse. The wood is hard and durable.

6.Tanguile - This is light to reddish brown and the wood is moderately hard and heavy. It is used for cheap furniture.

7. Apitong - This is pale to dark reddish brown and the grain is straight. The wood is moderately heavy and hard.

The sawing of logs into lumber is done by machinery in the sawmill. The lumber is then dried or seasoned to be used in furniture or building structure. Kiln drying of lumber is done in a large oven heated by steam to speed up the drying process. Drying causes the wood to shrink and lose weight.

Warping is caused by either shrinking or swelling of wood which changes its shape.

Checking is the opening of cracks in timber caused by unequal or too rapid seasoning