Candle Making

A candle is a cylinder of tallow, wax, paraffin, o or solid fat contain a wick to give off light when also be made with color and fragrance. There are three (3) methods of making candles by hand.

1.Rolling sheets of beeswax around a wick

2. Dipping the wick in hot wax

2.Pouring hot wax into a mold

Candles are popular as decorator accents and lighting material. Old candles can be melted again and their wax is reused with broken crayons for a variety of colors. Different molds such as cups, empty eggshell, bottles, plastic, or boxes may be used. Wicks can be made of cotton string.
Do not melt wax over a direct flame.

Waxes and Materials Used for Candle Making

1. Beeswax is a fatty substance extracted by melting honeycomb. Beeswax is soft, simple, and plain and has the fragrance of honey. A fresh honeycomb wax is white and turns yellowish or darkens as it gets older.

2. Parafin is a white, translucent, glasslike wax substance distilled from petroleum. The soft paraffin has a low melting point.

3. Tallow is made up of fatty animal tissue found in ox kidney suit, tallow dripping or goat fat. Candles made of tallow have rancid odor and greasy touch.

4.Stearin is a soft opaque and odorless solid made of natural animal and plant fats. Stearin candles burn well and do not bend as a result of the flame heat.

There are other materials used in candle making. These are wicks, fat-soluble dye, fragrance, and different sizes and shapes of mold.

5.Wicks - The wick is considered the "soul" of candles. The bigger the candle, the thicker the wick. Wick is made from cotton yarn. To guarantee the right degree of flammability, the wick is dipped into a solution of 2% boric acid. 

Safety Measures in Candle Making

1.Do not melt wax over a direct flame.

2. Do not leave the room when wax is melting.

3. Do not use water to extinguish flaming wax. Use baking soda or fire extinguisher.

4. Do not cast molds near an open flame.

5. Do not allow children in the working area.

6. Work in an open and well-ventilated area.

7. Keep flammable materials such as newspaper, kerosene, gasoline, alcohol, and plastic away from the working area.

8. Clean your work area before and after making your candles.