Rattan Craft

Rattan is a palm that grows m the shady areas of the forest. It is a climbing palm with a
single stem, leaves, and spines. Its stem can grow to a hundred feet long
This plant is used in making baskets, hats, and furniture. The big stems are called palasan and the small ones are called sick

Rattan stem is made into walking sticks, furniture, baskets, ropes and mats

Preparation of Rattan Stem

The stems of rattan are prepared by removing the leaf using a sharp knife. They are cleaned and cut into desired lengths and then dried. They may also be split into desired sizes

The stem can be molded into desired shape using heat. A blowtorch, 21 steamer, or a soldering iron can be used to apply heat on the rattan stem to make it easy to bend

Rattan Furniture

Rattan is very useful especially in making furniture. Maker is a generic name for any _ used in furniture made of woven reeds like rattan is solid wood and its lash the supporting core for structure support; while the peel used to elements

Leather Craft

Leather comes from the cured skin of animals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and reptiles.
Tanning is the process of curing animal skin with chemicals, like tannin, tannic acid, and chromium salt, to make it durable. There are different types of leather.

1. Calfsldn - It comes from call some young cattle. It is a soft, fine-grained, and lightweight leather. It is used in making wallets and the upper parts of
shoes and jackets.
2. Cowhide - It comes from cow. It is a long and coarse-grained leather used for making handbags, soles of shoes, and sandals.
3. Pigskin - The pigskin is a coarse-grained but strong and durable leather. It varies in thickness and is usually used in making purses and wallets.
4. Alligator Skin - This is a beautifully grained leather which comes in shades at" mahogany and brown. It is used in making shoes, bags, and belts.
5. Sued - This is a type of leather finish rather than a leather.

Decorating Leather

There are many ways of decorating leather, depending on how it is going to be used.

1.Dyeing Leather
Dyeing is used to give color to leather on particular areas of the design or on surfaces. Different leathers have different reactions to dye. It is important to follow instructions in using dyes.
2. Carving or Stamping Leather This is done by cutting the design into the leather using various stamps to put down the background and to decorate the design, Carving is time consuming and requires proficiency in doing it to avoid error and wastage.
3.Lacing or Thonging Leather
Leather articles can be made more attractive by lacing them at the raw edges. Lacing must be uniform and in one direction. The holes should be evenly spaced. The lace should not be twisted.

Styles of Thonging Leather

Thonging or lacing is sewing or decorating leather using strips of leather woven in and out of round holes. A damp (wet) leather is used for lacing.
There are different styles of thronging leather. It can be done with thick or thin leather through holes. For best results, holes must be evenly spaced. Round holes can be made with a puncher and the slits can be made with a thronging chisel. The size of the slits or round holes must correspond to the width of the lace.
How to Take Care of Leather Bags or Shoes Leather bags or shoes will last longer and will always be beautiful and shiny if rubbed with leather oil or wax.

Sandal Making

Leather has many uses and one of the most important use is in making footwear, such as sandals and shoes. In the beginning, man used wood, grasses, and hide in making their sandals. The ancient Egyptians were credited for the first sandals. They made soles of interlaced palm or papyrus leaves lined with cloth with stages of lace. Sandals worn by royalty had an instep covered with gold and inlaid with semi precious stone. The leather is often dyed with red and purple. According to some historians, Julius
Caesar wore sandals with soles of gold.

The Evolution of Sandals

Here are the styles of sandals worn by ancient people in chronological order.
l. Egyptian-woven leaves
2. King Tutankhamen's sandal
3. Greek sandal
4. Roman sandal
5. French clog
6.Italian chop in

1.Styles of Sandals

There are different styles of sandals.

1.T-tie Sandal
The T-tie sandal has 36-inch-long strap that can be wrapped around the calf and tied. Only three slots in the soles are needed for the T-tie sandals, one for the toe strap, the other two for the ankle straps that wrap around the leg. The straps are threaded through the slots and the short-toe strap ends in a loop over the instep.

2. Riviera Style
The dotted lines show the path of the strap underneath the sole. The strap threaded through these slots will encircle the toe.