HOUSE PETS and how to take care and breeds








DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND HOUSE PETS
 
Kindness to animals and other human being is an index of the degree of civilization of people. It is a tender feeling towards others including animals. Animals are our loyal friends and they need the support of life like ours. The Creator has endowed them with feelings, but unlike us, they cannot complain even if they are starving and exhausted from work.

One way to develop kindness in the character of children is for the parents and teacher to encourage them to take care of the animals. They can start with house pets. By their caress, obedience, and loyalty, animals clearly express their love and their gratitude for the kind of treatment given to them.


Benefits Derived from Animals

There are many benefits we get from animals.

1. Food

Cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits, chickens, ducks, and turkeys are the most common food animals. Carabaos and horses are supposed to be slaughtered only when they are in excess of the demand for work purposes. The milk of cows, carballos (adult female carabaos), and does (adult female goats) and the eggs of domesticated birds are sources of animal protein and certain vitamins. Food animals are considered our natural food factories. They are efficient converters of kitchen and table refuse, slaughterhouse and fishery refuse, and farm by products and grasses into meat, milk, eggs, and other human foods.

2. Articles for Clothing

The skin and fur of animals gave early man bodily, protection from bitter cold and the searing heat of the sun. The skin of cattle, carabaos, horses, sheep, goats, rabbits, and certain wild animals are needed for the manufacture of leather which are made into shoes, slippers, belts, and bags. In the same way, furs of sheep, rabbits, and certain wild animals are made into clothes. Clothes made from fur and leather are warmer and more durable.
3. Animals and Medicine
Some animals are used in the manufacture of vaccines and sera for human use. Animals contribute to human medicine greatly. Without them, drugs could never be tested for their efficacy. Laboratory animals, such as rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats, mice, and monkeys are used for testing new medicines, vaccines, and sera and for the detection of contagious diseases. Important drugs are also manufactured in certain parts of their body.

4. Animals and Soil Fertilization
The lowly earthworm is of great importance in enriching the soil by making it porous for aeration and by bringing the underground fine soil to the surface. The manure of mammals and the droppings of birds and their urine are good fertilizers. Likewise, the discarded parts of slaughtered animals, fish, and crustaceans will enrich the soil in which they are buried and with which they are mixed later.

Social Behavior of Certain Animals

Like human beings, animals have behavioral characteristics. Their social behavior is largely influenced by the following: 
 
1.The supply of food

2.Their attraction to the opposite sex during the mating or breeding period

3. The behavior of the masters and mistresses of the animals

All domesticated animals, especially - the dogs and cats, when treated kindly and fed properly remain in their homes. Otherwise, they leave their homes in, at search of food.

Improperly or insufficiently-fed dogs, and other pets become scavengers and feed on garbage and waste. By their instinct, they struggle in order to survive. Sometimes, even the well-fed and well-treated home pets are a nuisance. During the mating period, the males seem to serenade the females. Much noise is produced by horses, dogs, and cats in their courtship, rivalry, and jealousy. The fights of the males are very noisy. To remedy this situation, it is necessary to unsex (castrate) the male animals.

What Do Animals Eat?

Different animals have foods. They are classified as:

1. Carnivorous - meat eater

2. Herbivorous - vegetable or plant eater

3. Omnivorous - meat and vegetable eater


Dogs and cats are carnivorous animals and they eat mostly meat and fish like human beings. It is not always safe to give them raw meat and fish, because of the chance of infecting them with certain internal parasites. While cats are fond of killing rats and mice, they generally eat only the liver of these rodents.

Herbivorous animals like the horse, cattle, and carabaos eat grass and other plant-products. Unlike other ruminants, the horse has a single stomach like the rabbits and pigs. 
Hence, their food requirement is not as bulky as that of the ruminants with compound stomach. Horses are fed in pastures where there is an abundant Supply of nutritious grass like alafa and paragrass, In a stable, horses are fed with grass and concentrates (mixture of oats, corn, and soya meal) and molasses. Salt is needed as a source of mineral.



Know Your Dog

A dog is domesticated mammal. For over 7,000 years, the dog has been man's close friend and servant. It is related to the coyote, jackal, wolf, and the fox. Mother dogs give birth to liters of puppies sixty-three days after they have been bred. Each year of a dog's life is about equal to seven years of man's.
A dog has a good memory and it shows some foresight. It perspires through the soles of its feet and its tongue. The dog's sense of smell is highly developed and this makes it a valuable hunter.
Studies show that dog reflects the personality of its master and are subject to mental disturbances like their asters. A case of irritable dogs having fits of barking at nothing showed it had lived with very high-strung and argumentative families. Hill billy music causes dogs to become uneasy and nervous but swinging music soothes their nerves. Having a dog nowadays is a necessity especially if you are staying in subdivision where thieves roam around spotting houses to rob. The dog is our best friend, a companion, and also a security guard. Instead of paying security guard, have dogs that you can train to function as guard dogs.
During the war, dogs were used to carry messages and medical supplies to the front lines. German Shepherds, Bovers, and Deherman are trained as "seeing eye"'dogs to guide the blind. They are also used in detecting drugs and other contraband because of their sensitive sense of smells.
1. Shelter
A dog must have a clean, dry, and warm shelter in the area where you would like him to stay like the garage, door and gate area, or a room. Remember that dogs prefer to go loose; however, problems may arise regarding cleaning because urinate anywhere. A popular method to teach the dog manners inside the house is to spread newspapers around his bed. Put the puppy on the paper at regular intervals and wherever you see him sniffing around. When the puppy uses the paper, a slight pat and praise makes him feel good.
Training dogs to perform these duties outside the house requires a routine schedule of taking the dog to the same place, after he has had his meals. If the puppy insists on having bad manners in the house, a scolding and a slight punishment will bring him around.

2. Feeding
Meals should be given at a regular time to dogs under six months old. Puppies should be fed three or four times a day. Dogs are carnivorous by nature, but a balanced diet of carbohydrate, protein, fats, and oils with vitamins and minerals is necessary for growth and development and maintenance of body processes. Commercially prepared dog foods contain these nutrients. Large bones (beef and pork) will not hurt dogs, unlike chicken bones. A six-month-old dog should be fed twice a day and one-year-old dog should once a day, fed preferably at night.

3.Training
There are special training schools for dogs. You can also teach your dog the important commands like "'come," "sit," and "kneel." Be generous with praise and reward your dogs whenever they follow commands.

4. Exercise
Walking your dog every morning is a good form of exercise. Both of you get fresh air and sunshine.

5. Grooming
A comb and brush will keep the dog 's coat smooth and shiny. Short-haired dogs should not be bathed more than twice a month and long-haired dogs only once a month.
After the bath, rinse and dry the dogs well. Dry its coat, dry it under the sun, use a towel to Trim the nails if dogs are not getting much exercises, clip or cut matted hair and trim heavy coat during hot weather.

6. Ailments
The dog's eyes and nose are indications of its general health. A healthy dog has a shiny, moist me, while a sick dog has a dry, rough nose. Distemper is a viral disease that is often fatal. It can be prevented with a vaccination. Rabies is a serious disease that can also affect man. Has your dog vaccinated for these kinds of disease for protection? Bring your dog to the veterinarian for treatment if it is sick.





BREEDS OF DOGS

There are different breeds of dogs classified according to their uses and function. Our native dog is called a mongrel. t is a product of interbreeding.

1.Sporting Dog or Gun Dogs- They hunt by air scent. Such dogs include pointers, setters, spaniels, and retrievers like the Labradors.

2. Hounds - are used to hunt furred and hoofed game. They are divided into two (2) groups: ground hunters and sight hunters.
These dogs have strong muscular bodies and rathe long heads. They are swift runners and they bark and bay as they chase their game. The breed includes the Afghan hound, the basset hound, the hound, and dachshund.

3. Working Dogs - They serve man s herders perform and watchdogs to Dull sleds and carts and to rescue work, police work, and patrol duty. The breed includes the Collie, Sheepdog. Doberman, German, Shepherd, tweiler, and St. Bemard.

4. Terriers- These are medium sized dogs. Their names come from the Latin terra meaning earth. They are used for hunting small animals and they dig out animals from holes or burrows. Terriers are scrappy animals that tend to be one-man dogs. They are alert, intelligent, brave, and they make excellent watchdogs. The breed includes the Fox Terrier and Bull Terrier.

5. Toy Breeds- These are small dogs kept as house pets and companions. They are suitable for living in small apartments and houses. The breed includes the Papillon, Terrier, Pekingese, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, and Maltese.

6. Non sporting Breeds- are mixed group including Bulldogs, Poodles, Dalmatians, and Boston Terriers.

 

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