Guide in buying foods and protection

Guide in Buying Food

The income of the family is a big factor to consider in determining the quality a kind of food to buy. However, a wise buyer can make a substitute if she/he knows the nutrient content of the food. For example, meat and milk products are usually more expensive than fish and eggs, but they also have the same protein content like meat. Pork and chicken are cheaper than beef. Canned fruits and vegetables cost more than the fresh ones. The source of food determines its cost. Imported foods are usually more expensive than locally produced ones.
For example, imported canned sardines are more expensive than locally produced sardines. Seafoods are cheaper near the source like in the coastal area. It takes a little planning to buy all the food the family needs for a week. A shopping list is necessary to help one remember what he/she needs to buy according to budget.

Fruits and Vegetables

 Fruits and vegetables are plenty and cheaper when in season. It is important to always select fresh fruits and vegetables that are firm, crisp, and bright in color for eating and cooking because they have more nutrients than dried or canned ones. Overripe, decayed, wilted, blemished, dirty, or bruised 
fruits and vegetables should not be bought.


Size, weight, and freshness determine the grade of eggs. Shell color has no bearing quality or flavor. Grade A means high-quality egg with a large and thick white that will stand up well around. Eggs with thin, watery, and flat yolks are not fresh.


One is advised to always buy a freshly baked or a day-old bread and check the expiry date on the label of bread.


Fresh fish have eyes that are clear and as bright fish. The flesh should be firm and elastic, the scales intact with reddish pink gills, and have a pleasant fishy odor.


The more tender meat from pork has a pink color rather than red. Red meat comes from older, tougher hogs.

Chicken is more nutritious-yellow or white skinned?
It doesn't matter as long as the breed is young, fresh, and graded.

Cold Cuts - are processed meats that are precooked and ready to be eaten. They should be refrigerated to prolong their storage and quality.

1.       Bacon - made from cured thin or thick slices of pork or beef.

2.       Ham -  cooked Chinese style or American style. It has a characteristic pink color

3.       Sausage- made of ground pork and fat, moderately to highly seasoned.
        Example: hotdog

4.       Links - ground pork stuffed into casing of varying sizes

Sea foods - Seashells like mussels mollusks, crab, shrimp, lobster are fresh when they have shiny, green shells, heavy and alive, and have a pleasant sea odor

Canned Goods- The expiry date on the label of each can should be check. Bulging, rusty canned
 goods with broken seal should not be bought.

Some Malpractices of Vendors

When buying food in the market, it is important to be aware of the quality of the product that is offered for Sale. There are many ways by which vendors and even manufacturers cheat the consumers in order to earn more. Here are some of the malpractices of vendors and manufacturers.

1.       Adding water to vinegar to increase the volume
2.       Adding acetic acid (chemical) to vinegar to make
3.       Spraying formalin solution to fish and vegetables
4.       Putting blood on fish gills to make them appear fresh.
5.       Coloring white eggshells with brown to make them appear like they come from native chickens, and thus, are more expensive
6.       Adding coconut milk to carabao's milk
7.       Mixing old or dead shells with fresh shells
8.       Injecting fresh chicken meat with water
9.        Mixing tough layer chicken meat with broiler chicken meat.
10.   Underweighing fresh fruits, vegetables, and meat.

Consumer Protection

The government protects consumers through the different monitoring and regulatory agencies, such as the Department of Agriculture, National Meat Inspection Commission, and Food and Drug Administration.

These agencies provide a framework in selecting a safe and economical by humans.
Wholesome food means sound, healthy, clean food, suitable for use by humans.

According to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, a food is adulterated:

1.       if it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to health.
2.       if it consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance, which is unfit for human consumption.
3.       if it has been processed, packed, or held under unsanitary conditions.
4.       if it is in whole or in part the product of a diseased animal which has died otherwise than by slaughter.
5.       if its container is composed in whole or in part of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the content injurious to health.