arts and technology






INDUSTRIAL ARTS AND TECHNOLOGY

This unit shows the relationship of arts and technology in activities such as drawing. lettering, and in making handicrafts. Students will find this unit very challenging and will enjoy working o on the different exercises as a way of showing their creativity and the multiple intelligences which they possess. 

1.Drawing

2.Lettering

3. Handicraft

4. Woodworking

Drawing

The early man recorded his life activities by drawing lines and shapes representing figures of plants, animals, and other humans on the walls of his cave. His drawings reflected his life, environment, and how he lived in the past. As man became more reasonable, he learned to measure his drawings and then used numbers and letters to communicate and tell something about his life.

Drawing and Drafting

Drawing is the use of lines to represent an object, idea, or feeling. It is the basis of graphic arts and architectural or mechanical drafting. Graphic arts refer to commercial and artistic activity such as illustration of books and magazines, advertising, design, and packaging of products, and other representation in support of television, and other media presentations. The materials and equipment used in graphic arts are varied and extensive.


Drafting

Drafting is the systematic representation and dimensional specification of mechanical and architectural structure. Drawing is done the aid of measuring tools such as triangle, compass, and The T-square.

The complex procedure of constructing residential, commercial, and industrial buildings requires a thorough knowledge of the techniques and science of drafting:

The Art and Technology of Drawing

The great artists like Michelangelo, Renoir, and Picasso, made beautiful works of art. Their paintings are now great treasures, but all these works begun with a simple drawing of lines and shapes using chalk, pencil, charcoal, crayon, or paint.

Technical illustration is the generation of pictorial images using drawing and lettering techniques. This is divided into free hand drawing and mechanical drawing.

Freehand Drawing

This technique requires artistic skill, a sense of proportion, balance, shape, harmony, and creative imagination. Freehand drawing may be prepared with a wide variety of materials and tools.
The artist can only create the appropriate image after Gaining a full understanding of the idea.

Classification of Freehand Drawing According to Function in An

1. Sketch- This is a preliminary drawing which the artist makes to help in planning the composition, proportion, and lighting of the painting, sculpture, or other works of art.

2.Study - This is a more carefully worked drawing than a sketch. It may be the details of a projected work such as head, figure, or face.

3. Cartoon- This is a full-size detailed preparatory for other media like glass, tapestry, draw and mosaic. The word is also used to denote humorous or satirical drawing or caricature where the subject is more important than the drawing style.

Styles and Techniques of Freehand Drawing

A line drawing is done with a pointed tool such as a pencil, pen, crayon, or brush. An outline is done in plain unbroken lines and when internal lines are added the figure, the drawing is called contour
A wash drawing is made on heavy paper with a brush liberally wet in neutral watercolor, such as black or brown, or in diluted ink.

How to Draw Cartoons

A variety of characters can be made or created by using geometric shapes like triangles and ovals. By using a simple triangle or oval, the artist can draw cartoon characters in many different positions and different clothing and shapes of the body.

This is how to do it.

1.Begin by drawing any kind of shape like a triangle for the body.

2. Draw a smaller triangle or oval for the head.

3. Add leg and foot triangles to complete the basic structure of the cartoon character. In animated 
cartoons, several drawings in continuous motion is made, so that they appear.

4. Draw body and arms triangle in their relative position. to be moving.



Comments